DAPL & Other Pipeline Issue
I challenge everyone that is a social media whiz to take this and tweet, Facebook, type, snail mail, bebo, MySpace, snappy chat, Instagram , pick up that land line and get the info out to CNN,FOX, CBS, ABC, MSNBC , let's go let's start the blitz let's viral this techno world , Indigenous wide we are 100,000 's strong , plus all other races who believe in the ...right to forever have water and clean water, and let's let our voices ring to the nations far and wide, so my fellow humans let's get busy and tweet the shit out of them hollywoods, congress start calling them, and let's go viral with no main stream media is covering this, my friends some of you live in the city the head quarter are located go there.... Our people are peaceful and in prayer , they are NOT the hostile this big greedy corporation says they are they come in peace to exercise their 1st amendment right!!!! Get to sharing !!!!!!!
BACKGROUND ON THE DAKOTA ACCESS PIPELINE
The Standing Rock Sioux Indian Reservation is home to Dakota and Lakota people of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. Since time immemorial, they have lived and governed a vast territory throughout North and South Dakota, and parts of Montana, Wyoming, Minnesota, Iowa and Nebraska. Currently, the Tribe is located in central North and South Dakota.
Despite strong objections from the Tribe from the first time they heard of the project, on July 25, 2016, the U.S Army Corps of Engineers granted authorization to the Dakota Access Pipeline to cross Lake Oahe as part of the construction of a 1,100 mile pipeline that is proposed to carry over a half-million barrels of Bakken crude oil to Illinois and across four states. The current route of construction takes the pipeline less than one half mile from the Tribe’s reservation border, and thus the Tribe maintains a sovereign interest in protecting its cultural resources and patrimony that remain with the land. In addition, all along the route of the pipeline are sites of religious and cultural significance to our people – including burial sites of our ancestors. The pipeline would cross the Tribe’s traditional and ancestral lands and the construction of the pipeline jeopardizes many sacred places. But, while federal law requires meaningful consultation with the Tribe on these matters, that has not happened here. The Tribe opposes DAPL because we must honor our ancestors and protect our sacred sites and our precious waters.
Initially, Dakota Access considered two possible routes of construction: a northern route near Bismarck, and the southern route taking the pipeline to the border of the Standing Rock reservation. Federal law requires the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to review—and ultimately deny or grant—Dakota Access’ application for the necessary permits to construct the pipeline because the southern route takes the pipeline across the Missouri River and Lake Oahe, implicating lands and water under federal jurisdiction.
In the initial environmental assessment, the maps utilized by Dakota Access—and reviewed and incorporated by the Army Corps—did not indicate that the Tribe’s lands were within one half mile of the proposed crossing of Lake Oahe. Furthermore, the company selected this route because the route to the north would be near and could jeopardize the drinking water of the residents in the city of Bismarck. The company’s initial draft environmental assessment of December 9, 2015 made no mention of the fact that the route they chose brings the pipeline near, and could jeopardize, the drinking water of the Tribe and its citizens. It actually omitted the very existence of the tribe on all maps and any analysis, in direct violation of the US environmental justice policies.
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has been actively opposing the permitting and construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline since the Tribe first learned of the proposal in 2014 and the pipeline’s proposed construction. The Tribe has voiced its strong opposition to the company, to the federal government, to Congress, and to the State. Yet, the Tribe’s plea was ignored and instead the US sided with the project developer. From the beginning, the Tribe’s Tribal Historic Preservation Office requested tribal consultation, but their requests were never fulfilled.
The Tribe continued its efforts to engage as many decision-makers as possible and actively oppose the Dakota Access Pipeline. The Tribe submitted several sets of detailed comments to the Corps, met with high level officials in Washington, DC, and communicated on numerous occasions with the North Dakota Congressional delegation over the past few months. The Tribe specifically met with numerous federal agencies to discuss the harm imposed by the pipeline, including: the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of the Interior, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. All three agencies subsequently wrote letters to the Army Corps expressing environmental and cultural resource concerns related to the pipeline.
The Tribe has filed litigation in federal court in the District of Columbia to challenge the actions of the Corps of Engineers regarding the Dakota Access pipeline. Basically, this is a suit to enforce their federally protected rights and interests. The Corps has failed to follow the law – both regarding the risk of oil spills and the protection of their sacred places. The Tribe is seeking a preliminary injunction to undo the Corps’ approval of the pipeline, and there will be a hearing before the Judge on August 24. The Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe has asked to join the lawsuit, and other tribes may also be joining.
Separately, tribal citizens have begun a camp called the Sacred Stone Camp. The Tribe continues to stress the importance of handling this matter in the right way, which means that non-violence must be the guiding principle at all times. And, the Tribe will do all it can so that the safety of everyone involved is safeguarded and protected.
In addition, Standing Rock youth ages 6 – 25 from the reservation vowed to run to Washington,
DC to deliver a petition with 160,000 signatures on change.org opposing the pipeline to the
President of the United States. After running for 2,200 miles, they were only able to meet with
Army Corps officials, and held several rallies along the way. They returned to the reservation on
August 10, 2016.
Several Tribes have passed resolutions in support of Standing Rock, including the Cheyenne
River Sioux Tribe, Crow Creek Tribe, the Oglala Sioux Tribe, the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, and others.
To find out how to take action and get involved, please visit www.rezpectourwater.com.
The Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines Project
is a proposal to construct twin pipeline running from Bruderheim, Alberta, to Kitimat, British Columbia. The eastbound pipeline would import natural gas condensate and the westbound pipeline would export crude oil to the new marine terminal in Kitimat where it will be transported to Asian markets by oil tankers. The project is developed by Enbridge Inc., a Canadian crude oil and liquids pipeline company.
The pipeline and terminal, if completed, would provide 104 permanent jobs in Alberta and British Columbia and 3,000 temporary jobs during construction. First Nations and oil sands opponents among others, denounce the project on environmental, social and cultural grounds. The proposal includes many benefits for aboriginals, including equit...y ownership, training, employment, Community Trust and stewardship programs. The Douglas Channel that leads into Kitimat and surrounding northwest coast waters pose safety and weather hazards for oil tankers.
All the First Nations here in Canada & the United States stand firmly against this proposed pipeline as well as many Non Native peoples, the benefits & or employment far out weigh the risks that this proposed pipeline have to offer . If this is allowed we will not only endanger our own children & grandchildren but all future generations, as well as all the wildlife & marine life.....it will forever change our world..once its done, there will no going back.
The Keystone Pipeline System
is a pipline system to transport synthetic crude oil from the oil sandsof Alberta, Canada, and crude oil from the northern United States, "primarily to refineries in the Gulf Coast" of Texas.The products to be shipped include synthetic crude oil (syncrude) and diluted bitumen from the Western Canadian Sedimentary basin in Alberta, Canada, and Bakken synthetic crude oil and light crude oil produced from the Williston Basin (Bakken) region in Montana and North Dakota.Three phases of the project are in operation and the fourth is awaiting U.S. government approval. Upon completion, the Keystone Pipeline System would consist of the completed 2,151-mile (3,462 km) Keystone Pipeline (Phases I and II), Keystone Gulf Coast Expansion (Phases III) and the proposed Keystone XL Pipeline Project (Phases III). The controversial fourth phase, the Keystone XL Pipeline Project, would begin at the oil distribution hub in Hardisty, Alberta, and extend 1,179 miles (1,897 km), to Steele City, Nebraska.
The operational Keystone Pipeline system currently has the capacity to deliver up to 590,000 barrels per day of Canadian crude oil into the Mid-West refining markets.In the summer of 2010 Phase 1 of the Keystone Pipeline was completed, delivering crude oil from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, and then east through Missouri to Wood River refineries and Patoka, Illinois. Phase 2 the Keystone-Cushing extension was completed in February 2011 with the pipeline from Steele City, Nebraska, to storage and distribution facilities at Cushing, Oklahoma, a major crude oil marketing/refining and pipeline hub.
The Keystone XL proposal, which would comprise phases 3 and 4, faced criticism from environmentalists and some members of the United States Congress. In January 2012, President Barack Obama rejected the application amid protests about the pipeline's impact on Nebraska's environmentally sensitive Sand Hills region. TransCanada Corporationchanged the original proposed route of Keystone XL to minimize "disturbance of land, water resources and special areas" and the new route was approved by Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman in January 2013. On March 22, 2012, Obama endorsed the building of its southern segment that begins in Cushing, Oklahoma. The President said in Cushing, Oklahoma, on March 22, "Today, I'm directing my administration to cut through the red tape, break through the bureaucratic hurdles, and make this project a priority, to go ahead and get it done."
In its Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) released for public scrutiny in March 2013, the United States Department of State Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, described a number of changes to the original proposals including the shortening of the pipeline to 875 miles its avoidance of "crossing the NDEQ-identified Sand Hills Region" and "reduction of the length of pipeline crossing the Northern High Plains Aquifer system, which includes the Ogallala formation"; and stated "there would be no significant impacts to most resources along the proposed Project route." In response to the Department of State's report, which recommended neither acceptance nor rejection, the editor of New York Times recommended that President Obama, who acknowledges climate change as one of humanity's "most challenging issues", should reject the project, which "even by the State Department's most cautious calculations — can only add to the problem."
In April 2013, the EPA challenged the U.S. State Department report's conclusion that the pipeline would not result in greater oil sand production, noting that "while informative, [it] is not based on an updated energy-economic modeling effort." Overall, the EPA rated the SEIS with their category "EO-2" (EO for "environmental objections" and 2 for "insufficient information").
The Keystone Pipeline system consists of the operational Phase 1, Phase II and Phases III, the Gulf Coast Pipeline Project, and a proposed pipeline expansion segment Phase IV, Keystone XL. Construction of Phase III, from Cushing, Oklahoma, to Nederland, Texas, in the Gulf Coast area, began in August 2012 as an independent economic utility. The Phase III was opened on 22 January 2014. The Keystone XL Pipeline Project (Phase IV) revised proposal in 2012 consists of a new 36-inch pipeline from Hardisty, Alberta, through Montana and South Dakota to Steele City, Nebraska, to "transport of up to 830,000 barrels per day of crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin in Alberta, Canada, and from the Williston Basin (Bakken) region in Montana and North Dakota, primarily to refineries in the Gulf Coast area."After the Keystone XL pipeline segments are completed, American crude oil would enter the XL pipelines at Baker Montana on their way to the storage and distribution facilities at Cushing Oklahoma, Cushing is a major crude oil marketing/refining and pipeline hub.
Operating since 2010, the original Keystone Pipeline System is an 3,461-kilometre (2,151 mi) pipeline delivering Canadian crude oil to U.S. Midwest markets and Cushing, Oklahoma. In Canada, the first phase of Keystone involved the conversion of approximately 864 kilometres (537 mi) of existing 36-inch natural gas pipeline in Saskatchewan and Manitoba to crude oil pipeline service. It also included approximately (232 mi) of new 30-inch diameter pipeline, 16 pump stations and the Keystone Hardisty Terminal.
The U.S. portion of the Keystone Pipeline included 1,744 kilometres (1,084 mi) of new, 30-inch diameter pipeline in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri and Illinois. The pipeline has a minimum ground cover of 4 feet. It also involved construction of 23 pump stations and delivery facilities at Wood River and Patoka, Illinois. In 2011, the second phase of Keystone included a (298 mi) extension from Steele City, Nebraska, to Cushing, Oklahoma, and 11 new pump stations to increase the capacity of the pipeline from 435,000 to 591,000 Barrels a day.
Additional phases (three and four) have been in construction or discussion since 2011. If completed, the Keystone XL would add 510,000 barrels per day Increasing the total capacity up to 1.1 million barrels per day The original Keystone Pipeline cost US$5.2 billion with the Keystone XL expansion slated to cost approximately US$7 billion. The Keystone XL was expected to be completed by 2012–2013, however construction has been overtaken by events.